The initial Forming stage of Tuckman’s theory of team development is when the team is first brought together and/or a new leader or system has been implemented. This stage requires the leader to be very hands-on with their approach, often answering a multitude of questions from the team either because they have a lack of understanding about processes or they are resistant to it, thus testing the tolerance of the leader and system.
Often, at this stage, the individual roles and responsibilities of each team member are unclear and there is little agreement on the overall goals of the team, other than those expressed by the leader. The Forming stage requires a strong leader that can display patience as the team gels together and/or gets used to a new system, as well as being able to clearly communicate what is expected and build those relationships.
Teams in the Forming stage require a lot of direction but, as they develop and progress through the four stages, the leader’s time and patience will be rewarded in the end. They can evolve their leadership style to suit the needs of the team depending on the stage of development they are at.